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Choosing the right stack for your next development project

Today, before starting a web development project, it’s necessary to make the decision of which option to choose from, since there are many different technologies available, each with their own specificities that may or may not be optimal for your needs. Although I would be going over options such as Full-Stack, MEAN stack, and MERN stack to conclude which one might be the best technology available, I’d like to start with defining the term ‘stack’ itself:

 

Derived from the analogy of a set of physical items stacked upon each other, the stack is the name of a data type which acts as a collection of components which has two opposite functions. Push adds components to the collection or stack and pop removes a recently added component. 

 

Full-Stack

The term Full-Stack essentially refers to development of a complete application, for example developing websites, both at the front-end or the client side as well as the back-end or the server side. The full stack coder is someone who has expertise over all the processes involved from the beginning to the end or the front to the back, whichever way you want to look at it. They would have a strong hold on both front and back-end technologies, often have command over multiple development languages, have some design capacities and most importantly know how to keep track of changes all across the board. There are many benefits to employing a full-stack approach:

 

  • Full-stack developers have the ability to switch between front-end and back-end development depending on the needs of the project 
  • They are an all-in-one in a sense and that means lower costs. Hiring one good developer to oversee every part of the project would be more economical than for example hiring different front-end and back-end developers. 
  • Following on from the theme of jack of all trades, full-stack developers are not only limited to web development tasks but are also responsible for the entire design structure. 
  • Lastly, full-stack developers are good enough to be able to upgrade or switch to new technologies and tools easily as compared to someone who specialises in a niche. 

 

MEAN Stack

MEAN stack refers to the four technologies it comprises of, namely MongoDb as the database, Express Js as the server system, Angular for front-end and Node Js for the back-end. All four technologies are javascript based. The biggest advantage to using MEAN stack is that it is open source and that enables developers to pull whatever they want from the internet, be it modules, libraries or public repositories. However that’s not all: 

 

  • Node.js allows you to always maintain control between the client side and the server side, as a result it becomes very easy to switch between the two and you don’t need third party interventions. Furthermore, Node.js allows for no wasting of time as it contains vast module libraries at hand that are used directly in developing web applications. 
  • Not only are all MEAN stack technologies fast and user-friendly, they also allow for a degree of flexibility by keeping the option of adding more objects that just act as platforms for developing web applications. 
  • For testing the software application, MEAN stack allows cloud hosting with automatic sharing and cluster support across servers. 

 

MERN stack

MERN stack is slightly different from MEAN stack as in, it uses React in place of Angular. However, both technologies are made up of open source components with end to end frameworks for building comprehensive web applications, not to mention both are JavaScript based, which is a key benefit of using either stack, as I’m sure MERN coders would tell you. 

 

  • For MERN, JavaScript is used extensively, both at the front-end as well as the back-end. If you’re comfortable with JavaScript and never want to look past it, MERN stack development is the niche to be in.
  • Object representation in MERN stack is in JavaScript Object Notation, all across the board, be it the database, the application server and on the client-side. 
  • Of course, all of the advantages of using Node.js still apply. In summary, it’s a very fast and very resilient web server. 
  • The npm ecosystem comes in very handy with packages available that are free to use. Any problems that you feel others before you must have faced as well, rest assured, you will find a npm package addressing your problem. 

 

To conclude, all options have their own distinct functionalities and niches that they thrive in. It really does become dependent on the little details about your specific development project. From an objective standpoint, however, it’s an easy decision to go for Full-Stack development because that would guarantee one expert handling the project in its entirety. 

About Nerdii:

At Nerdii, the focus is on training Full-Stack developers that have the skills to excel in a globally competitive market

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